The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is a service and research organisation under the purview of the Ministry of Transport and Communications. Its special fields of competence include weather, climate, air quality and geophysics. The FMI is responsible for the production of reliable information on the state of the atmosphere, its characteristics and phenomena with the aim of enhancing overall safety as well as serving the needs of the general public, industry and commerce, and other branches of science.
The Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)with a staff of about 600 is a national research and development centre under the Ministry of the Environment, Finland. The institute provides environmental information, publishes assessments on the state of the environment, and conducts research on the environment and environmental effects of activities and analyses approaches and methods for the prevention and mitigation of harmful effects.
The Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l.Environnement (CEA LSCE/IPSL) is a joint research unit of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the Commissariat à l.Energie Atomique (CEA), two major research agencies in France. The LSCE is also part of IPSL, l.Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, a federative institute based in Paris, France. The Institute is composed of 6 laboratories working on global environmental and climate studies. LSCE employs currently 240 people, in the fields of biogeochemical cycles modelling and observation, past and future climate studies and isotopic markers in the environment. LSCE has a world class expertise on carbon cycle modelling and analysis, with a particular focus on modelling land atmosphere CO2 fluxes and their interactions with the climate system. In this context, linking snow processes with boreal regions carbon cycling is crucial.